Industrial Ovens

Industrial Ovens

Industrial ovens are used in many different forms for many different industries. They have great benefits for businesses as they can allow for mass production and speedier turnover of produce.

Ovens come in a different variation of uses and models, from small batch ovens for heating plastics to large heat treatment ovens for tempering aluminium, copper and glass and are used by industries from food processing to automotive and motor racing.

Industrial ovens can generally be divided into two kinds of oven, batch ovens and conveyor ovens and are heated by two primary sources Convection and Infrared Radiation.

Batch Ovens

Batch ovens work by producing product flow in batches which can be controlled by the user, started and stopped as and when required. They are also flexible in what can be produced, for instance you can produce one large part or maybe a number of smaller parts. Batch ovens used in this way are less economical than the process of a conveyor oven.

Batch ovens can be built in sizes to accommodate your requirements; small and medium ovens can be purchased for small batch needs whereas large walk in ovens can be purchased for large batch needs such as car and aircraft parts.

Conveyor Ovens

Conveyor ovens allow the ability for production to be at a continuous rate. There flaw when compared with batch ovens is that conveyor`s do have restrictions on size and shape of product you can use. They do however offer less staging and handling of production and the output can be high. They can be operated manually or automatically, manual function generally produces low production whereas automatic can allow you to process high volumes by using an adjustable product feed rate.

Convection Heat Transfer

Industrial ovens that are run by convection heat transfer work through airflow. This way occurs when heat passes over an object. For the product to be heated correctly it requires contact of airflow through the use of part forced air. These are sometimes known as forced air batch ovens.

Infrared Radiation

Infrared radiation occurs when two different temperatures are in sight of each other through Infrared technology. This way of heat transfer can significantly reduce the time required to cure desired material. However the downside of this is that certain materials may not be suited, only materials that can tolerate high heat can be used.

Industrial ovens are also a big part of aerospace and defence technology with ovens being used in high volume to produce parts. Aerospace companies have developed a program known as Nadcap to assure high standards.


Nadcap stand for the National Aerospace and Defence Contractors Accreditation Programme and it was formed to ensure the quality and economic consistency of products. Any company wishing to produce material for the aerospace and defence sector would be required to have ovens that meet the Nadcap requirements. There are specifications known as Aerospace material 2750 D this describes the pyro-metric requirements of ovens to be used for heat treatment.

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